Lesson 4: Applying Construction to Insects and Arachnids

10:40 PM, Tuesday August 3rd 2021

SCAN-Lesson 4.pdf - Google Drive

Google Docs: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1_3DiexxoYTFXSKpaZevgUrvwvZ7VNmWD/view?usp=sharing

Hi! I'm Gady, here's my submission for lesson 4. I attached the reference pictures for each bug in thumbnails next to the drawings. I'll admit I got lazy when applying texture on some of the last pages (especially with the shrimp, this one I absolutely ragequitted).

Anyway, I'm looking forward to receiving feedback!

1 users agree
2:16 AM, Wednesday August 18th 2021

Hey Gady! Im going to go over your submission.

Starting out by your organic sausages, it seems like you are doing a good job and drawing them solid and 3d, though you are sometimes getting to far away from the characteristics of the simple sausage, remember to always try to make both ends as balls of about the same size. Also, its great that you are changing the degrees of your contours/ellipses, though there is one key thing to understand here- A contour is the repesentation of how a cross section of the sausage is facing the viewer, as this cross sections face towards more the viewer, they will get wider, and as they face aways from the viewer, they will get thinner. Taking this into account, always think about how you want your different parts of your sausages to move in relation with the viewer, so you can then draw the appropiate degree for their contours! (See this diagram). On top of this, remember that sausages are just more organic cylinders, so as stated in this L1 video, remember that as this cross sections slide further aways from the viewer, they will get wider and wider.

  • One last thing on your sausages, some of your contours are falling a little flat, this is normal at this stage, but is important that one of the characteristics of this sausages is that they are rounded. Its not a big mistake, its just that some of them need

that little extra push to appear rounded!

Moving on to your constructions I have to say that they are looking really good, it looks like you are making a good job on constructing solid and believable insects, while also capturing a likening. This said, there are some things that I want to draw attention to so you can keep on the right track.

The key thing I want you to take from this critique is this- Because the surface we are drawing on is completely 2d and we are trying to create and construct 3d drawings, it is really easy for us to draw lines that work against the illusions of depth that we are trying to create. Thats why its important that we force ourselves to stick to certain rules that instead, are meant to maintain the solidity of whatever we are drawing.

One of this rules is the key thing I want you to learn- and is that once you´ve put down a form on the page, never attempt to alter its silhouette. Its silhouette its just a 2d shape that represents the 3d form, if you try to cut into it or extend it, you will not be also changing the form, you will just break the connection between the two and ultimately undermining the solidity of your forms.

Now, there is quite a couple of examples where this is happening on your insects, some more subtle like this one, and others not so subtle like this one. What is happening in these examples is that you are putting down a basic form to be the base of your construction, and then using it as a general guide where you cut into in the places where you dont seem to need it.

Instead, what we do is we work additively, we start out by basic forms and then add new solid forms that will build on top of those forms you layed down and in this way, we also ramp up the complexity of our constructions by adding smaller forms. We then establish, how this forms relate to each other in 3d space, either by defining the intersection between this forms (like the form intersections exercises from L2) or by convincingly wrapping this forms around each others silhouette like this!.

This kind of construction can be seen in practice in this bettle horn demo and also, this ant head demo. This said, I can see that you use this kind of method on this bettle horn, and Im pleased that you have since it means that you will probably understand it pretty easily!

Another thing that its somehow connected to what we´ve just talked about is that Im seeing that in quite a lot of your constructions your going really lightly on your basic forms and then using more like a clean up pass as you add more stuff to the construction. There is two reasons why this is discouraged: First, by using a softer line quality on your basic forms, its easier for you to take them as general guides rather than the foundations of your construction, and second, thats not how line weight its supposed to be used- Line weight its a really specific tool we have in our hands to clarify how our 3d forms overlap to each other in localized areas. By appyling line weight all along the silhouette of your constructions, you are just undermining the effective use of that same line weight where in other areas is showing how two 3d forms relate to each other. So, as a rule of thumb, wait till the end of the construction and then apply line weight, not on long lines, but on the places where you see that your drawing needs clarification, remember that the clearer that this forms relate to one another, the easier it will be for a viewer to fall in your illusion.

Now lets talk about legs, it seems like you covered a variety of approaches to them, though Im pleased to see that you mainly used the sausage method stated on the lesson. Now, the cool thing about this sausage method is that it can both capture the 2d fluidity of the legs, while also being 3d and solid, though it is a little hard to believe that they can sustain much weight while being just sausages strapped to one another. Thats why, I want to encourage how you build on top of some of your legs with smaller forms to create a better and more realistic instect leg, like in your beetles and wasp. Here is a demo from Uncomfy himself where he is doing the exact same thing, now the reason this is important is because it really builds up to what you will be doing on your next lesson ( you will not be doing exactly this, but a more simplified version of it!)

To sum up, you did great on this lesson, try to revisit the topics presented in this critique since they are key for moving forward, Im going to go ahead and mark it as completed! Keep up the good work.

Next Steps:

Feel free to move on to lesson 5.

This community member feels the lesson should be marked as complete. In order for the student to receive their completion badge, this critique will need 2 agreements from other members of the community.
12:05 PM, Thursday August 19th 2021

Hey Weijak! Awesome critique. I read it twice now and I already found new things to improve on. I will definitely keep on reading it as I continue with the course!

Thank you so much.

3:20 PM, Thursday August 19th 2021

Im glad you found it useful! Good luck.

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